Bonsai wires are used for wiring of the bonsai plants to help them attain desired shape.
Not all bonsai plants need to be wired though.
Wiring of bonsai plant requires a lot of care and attention. If you tighten the branches too hard you run the risk of breaking them altogether.
It is of utmost importance to choose a proper wire for wiring purpose. You have the option of either choosing a copper wire or an aluminium one. While making your choice ensure that you test the malleability of the wire.
The best thing would be to use an aluminium wire anodized to look like copper wire. Aluminium bonsai wires are comparatively easy to use than copper wires, although copper wires have more holding power.
You could either choose 100gm, 400gm or even 1kg rolls. Depending on the thickness, the length of the wire in each roll would vary.
One more advantage of using aluminium wires is that they can be reused, but copper wires cannot be reused. You also need to keep in mind that certain tree species are reactive to certain metals. For example copper is found to be harmful for species like azalea while iron and steel are found to be harmful for Junipers and other deciduous species.
The size of wire to be used depends on the size of the branch to be wired. Usually you could choose a wire which has a thickness equal to 1/3rd of the diameter of the branch or trunk to be shaped.
Using bonsai wire for wiring
It is very important to understand how to use the wires for wiring your bonsai tree.
The best way to do it is by holding the branch with one hand while wrapping the wire around it in a clockwise direction.
Once you reach the end of the branch or trunk ensure that you make the last turn of the bonsai wire at right angles to the branch. This would ensure that the branch wiring would not come out.
After the branch or trunk is completely wired anchor it to the neighbouring branch or to the soil. After wiring is done bend the branch to the desired shape. While bending the branches be careful so as not to apply too much pressure on the tree.
Pay attention to any breaking sound and stop immediately if you feel the branch or the trunk is under too much strain.
Ideally if wiring is carried out during the spring or summer seasons, the branches would set in the new position pretty quickly as the growth would be vigorous. If wiring is done during the winter season then the plant would take much time to set into its new position.
You need to take certain precautions while wiring your plant with the bonsai wires. Do not tighten the wire too wired, as it might lead to scars on the branch which generally takes a lot of time to heal.
You could also consider not watering your plant a day prior to carrying out the wiring exercise. This would keep the branches supple and comparatively softer. Also consider keeping your plant in the shade for around two to three weeks after the wiring has been done.
Return from Bonsai Wire to Bonsai Hub home